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PLM collaborative work management technology's support for manufacturing enterprises

PLM technology and collaborative work management technology are effective methods to realize enterprise optimization management relying on it technology. They are the product of the combination of scientific management framework and enterprise practical problems. They are also a product of the combination of computer technology and enterprise culture. They are the only way for enterprises to implement information management. The successful implementation of PLM collaborative work management technology can greatly improve enterprise management and work efficiency, realize the timely transmission and sharing of information between upstream technology departments and downstream production and manufacturing departments, and provide support for the transfer of enterprises from paper management center to electronic data management center

I. Analysis of the current situation of enterprise business process management

in the fierce market competition environment, in order to adapt to the rapidly changing market demand and improve product competitiveness, enterprises need to shorten the product development cycle as much as possible and ensure product quality at the same time. At present, many enterprises have some factors restricting product development and process design in the process of product R & D and manufacturing. They adopt the traditional single line manual management mode and lack a unified collaborative management tool platform. At present, there are still some urgent problems to be solved in the business process management of many enterprises

1) lack of management platform to implement standard management system. In the whole life cycle of products, it is always necessary to implement and implement the standard system. Many manufacturing enterprises' basic standard management is weak, and the standard management system lacks the support of the management platform, which makes it difficult to implement the standard system well, and can only be guaranteed through the corresponding management system and inspection work. The implementation of iso/ts16949:2002 quality standard is closely related to enterprise informatization, and it is also the basic work to ensure the normal operation of information system. PLM technology provides a data management platform to help enterprises establish a standard management system that meets the requirements of modern management. PLM collaborative work management technology provides a support platform for the implementation and implementation of enterprise standard management system

2) it is difficult to manage product data in the process of product development. Whether it is the design of new products or the major improvement design of finalized products, or the order configuration design of finalized products with the installation of these main equipment, different types of data will be generated in many life processes, such as conceptual design, detailed design, process design, production and manufacturing, final assembly debugging, use and maintenance. In the whole life cycle, the data of different stages, different types, different personnel and different places are dynamically changing and interrelated. How to use PLM technology to effectively manage the data in the process of product life cycle is a main purpose of existing enterprise technology management informatization

3) process management is random. In the whole process of product development, the process management of project and product development is becoming more and more important. Due to the lack of collaborative work management mechanism, many enterprises have too much randomness in process management. Sometimes, the design documents are submitted to the production department for production without strict review, while the design documents being used in production are modified without the approval of relevant departments and personnel, resulting in confusion in design and production, prolonging the time for products to market, reducing product quality, and making design specifications and design standards a mere formality

4) low collaborative ability. Due to the lack of a collaborative working environment, there is a lack of timely and effective communication and exchange between departments and within departments, the work objectives of departments are not unified, and there are too many collaborative work. The timely filing, release and change of data are difficult to control, and they do not understand each other's work progress, resulting in the situation of waiting for each other, which seriously affects the product design, so these data are not needed for the quality and design efficiency

5) difficulty in project management and control. Project management technology is only an auxiliary management tool. In terms of management technology and human management, enterprises need corresponding management measures to ensure. Many enterprises lack management tools in project initiation, planning, project team formation, task release and implementation, and project decision-making management. PLM collaborative project management technology can effectively manage the affairs in the product development process, and quickly obtain the real-time report and statistical means of the project, such as the progress of the current task, the number of task deliverables completed, and the following task deliverables are introduced to you by Jinan Shijin, a Jinan experimental machine manufacturer, The work progress of each designer and some other real-time statistics and decision-making information about the project

II. Understanding of the application of collaborative work management technology

many enterprises have implemented PLM system, but the enterprise organization, business process and development mode are constantly adjusted and improved, while the supporting business process system has not been optimized and adjusted, resulting in PLM system can not well support the in-depth use of enterprise business. Both software implementers and enterprises can realize the importance of collaborative work technology for enterprise information construction, but how to implement the workflow and how to support enterprise business need further discussion. Next, combined with the analysis of the current situation of enterprise business process management in the previous section, this paper expounds the impact of PLM collaborative work management technology on enterprise standard business process

1) full correlation management of product data is the basis of collaborative work application. PLM system provides a platform framework and tools for enterprise technology management informatization. It realizes the management of product data and process with product data as the core and process driven management. Its core function is product data management. Therefore, in the process of implementation, it is necessary to standardize the existing large amount of electronic data and drawing documents of the enterprise, adopt the product centered data management idea, and determine various management objects, attributes and link relationships in combination with the actual needs of the enterprise, so as to realize the effective management of product data. On the basis of effective management of product data, enterprises must clarify the workflow and approval procedures in the process of product development. Customize scientific and standardized workflow templates and processing mechanisms in PLM system to drive the management of related businesses with processes, so as to make the delivery of processes and tasks more timely and standardized. Therefore, in the process of implementing PLM system, enterprises should adopt the guiding ideology of "overall planning, step-by-step implementation, point to line, and gradual promotion" to clarify the relationship between product data and workflow management

2) the scope of PLM collaborative work technology to support business processes. In the process of implementing PLM system, enterprises need to flexibly use workflow management technology, combined with their own characteristics and PLM workflow technology, to determine the scope of workflow implementation. In the first phase, collaborative management of business processes can be realized in the R & D department and the process department. In the second phase, based on the design and process department, it can be extended to other business departments to establish an enterprise level collaborative work environment. In addition, the process management of external mail sending, fax sending, customer picking up and delivery can be included in the PLM system

3) clarify the relationship between workflow and project management. Project management and process management are closely related. The standardized management of workflow and collaborative work process are the basis for the successful implementation of project management. Based on the standardization and effective management of workflow, combined with the current situation of enterprise project management, the enterprise collaborative management platform is constructed and implemented level by level

III. PLM collaborative work management technology supports business processes

PLM collaborative work management technology is the core of efficient collaborative management of enterprise business. It can improve the way of information exchange among business departments, improve the monitoring and management of project process and progress, eliminate the separation of business departments in time and space, and improve the work quality and operation efficiency of business departments. In the whole life cycle of a product, whether starting from the whole or a part, it needs to go through several different working processes. Each work process contains different content and different nature of work, and some work processes can also be nested with another kind of work process. Only through different working processes can product data be continuously generated and improved, and finally become effective product data for guiding production and supporting maintenance services

1. PLM system supports iso/ts16949:2002

the establishment of data specifications and standard system is the basic work of enterprise informatization construction. The implementation of standards is closely related to enterprise informatization. PLM system provides strong technical support and implementation guarantee for the smooth implementation of standards in enterprises. PLM manages all data in the whole life cycle of products, realizes the interoperability of CAD, cam, CAE, ERP and CRM systems with unified data specifications, formats and user interfaces, and provides a unified collaborative work platform for enterprises from design to manufacturing. The establishment of the standard system provides a basic guarantee for the orderly progress of collaborative work. Therefore, with the improvement of management level and the use of PLM system, the scope of enterprise standard system is also gradually expanded. With the help of PLM system, standard management systems such as document template format, data, methods, tools and business processes are established to improve the management and execution ability of enterprises iso/ts16949:2002. The functions of PLM system are the software support platform for the smooth implementation of the standard system

1) establish data standard system. Through the bottom relational database of PLM system, the product database, data specification database, resource selection database, project database, process database and quality management system database related to product design and manufacturing are established to standardize and manage the format of document data template, data attributes, design methods and tools and development process

2) establish standard process information. The implementation of iso/ts16949:2002 requires strict control of product design characteristics and process characteristics. The workflow module of PLM system can formulate standard workflow information according to iso/ts16949:2002 standard. Realize the standardization of design to manufacturing process through electronic process, and improve the efficiency of process work and the implementation of standards

3) process quality control. Quality documents and product data generated in the implementation of iso/ts16949:2002 standards generally need to go through a certain approval and countersignature process to become product data to guide production. Track and control the product design and modification process through the workflow, control the archived quality documents or product data with the help of change management, timely notify and automatically distribute the change information, and automatically receive and confirm the information, so as to optimize the implementation and improve the quality

2. Customize standard and standardized workflow to achieve business collaboration

in order to achieve efficient collaborative work management, enterprises must form a set of perfect data management and project management system, so as to effectively integrate, manage, control, transmit and store the data generated in different stages and processes in the whole product life cycle. The purpose of PLM system workflow management is to simplify the enterprise work management process, manage the enterprise production information quickly and safely, and shorten the production cycle of enterprise products. In order to achieve this goal, the first solution is to make full use of this technology to optimize the original traditional workflow of the enterprise and break the rules in the conventional manual management mode. Secondly, in order to meet the needs of enterprises for concurrent engineering, the system needs to adopt appropriate workflow management models and organizational methods to achieve specific management. In addition, customize the business process model in PLM system and establish enterprise collaboration

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